Physician Scientist

Individuals who wish to blend clinical medicine with the discovery and application of new knowledge may wish to pursue a dual degree (MD/PhD or DO/PhD) to receive comprehensive training in both areas. There are over 100 dual degree programs, most at MD-granting institutions (though there are some at DO schools). Most programs provide significant financial support for the approximately eight years of required training.


Generally mirror the requirements for the medical school, although this may vary depending on the doctoral field of interest. Significant research experience is expected.

Application logistics

  • Begin working with HPA in the fall, two years before intended entry. 
  • Take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), ideally by May of the intended application year.
  • Apply in June, about 16 months before intended entry. Complete the same applications as regular MD and DO applicants, with additional information required regarding interest in the dual degree.
  • Many MD/PhD programs prefer/require a committee letter of recommendation

Find a program

For more information

Articles of Interest

Career of the Month: Physician Scientist

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updated 2021

MD/PhD Matriculant Profiles

Mayowa Oke ‘22 | MD/PhD | Harvard

"The best thing you can do throughout this process is to stay true to who you are and what your interests are rather than check a bunch of boxes."

Seth Walensky ‘22 | MD/PhD | U Penn

"Most importantly, you do you! Spend your extracurricular time doing the things that truly enrich your college experience, both academically and socially."

Alison Herman ‘19 | MD/PhD | U Michigan

"My central piece of advice is to stay grounded in knowledge of yourself and your vision of your own path in medicine."

Anne Sidamon-Eristoff ’20 | MD/PhD | Yale

"I hope my story evidences that with determination and hard work, many paths can enable you to ultimately attend your top choice medical school."

Sarah Coffey ‘20 | MD/PhD | Wash U St. Louis

"Look ahead and make a plan that incorporates your interests and maintaining a healthy balance."

A recent grad's ISC / MD-PhD Perspective

"In general, schools that interviewed me had an overwhelmingly positive response to Integrated Science. At UTSW, the program director Mike Brown is a friend of Integrated director David Botstein, and knew all about our program. An admissions committee member at Vanderbilt told me she had been to a conference where David Botstein was making a presentation about Integrated (pitching it as a new model of education) and she had immediately thought, “Wow, we should really pick up some of those students for our program!” My interviewers at Columbia and Harvard knew about and were impressed by Integrated, and Harvard even states in its requirements FAQ that an integrated sciences curriculum is ideal preparation for their medical program."


"I think that certain other schools might not know as much about our program and how it covers the prerequisites, but there seems to be a widespread positive attitude toward it and these four top 20 schools were particularly receptive. Besides how it is seen, Integrated also makes great pre-MD/PhD training because it brings together a lot of disciplines toward solving scientific problems, much as MD/PhD’s are expected to integrate science and medicine to tackle disease. The program’s focus on research for undergraduates is also great preparation for the MD/PhD and gave me what I think was the most important part of my application, my research experience."

David Thomas '13